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What is "Mongolian Spot"?
"Mongolian spot" (Meng-gu-ban in Chinese and Mou-ko-han in Japanese) is "a bluish spot found in the sacral region of nearly all new-born babies of Oriental races and occasionally in other races, and which usually disappears in two or three years" (OED 2nd edition). It is very interesting, even if you are not an ethnobiologist, in that it reveals that the baby is, at least partially, of Mongolian* origin wherever it was born and however skinned it is. On the other hand, since mysteriously it will gradually fade out as he is growing up, little or nothing about the uniquely Asian physical trait is familiar to most of the Western people.
*The word "Mongolian" doesn't necessarily refer to the Mongolian People's Republic.

Where are "Mongolian-Spotters"?
Today those with Mongolian spots inhabit a very vast area from Middle East through Outer Mangolia to Far East*. But all of the Asians are not Mongolian-spotters: most of the Japanese and the Koreans are so, while not so many of the Chinese are: many of the Turkish and the Tartar are so, while few of the Egyptians are so. Although such strange distribution is often said to be because of the Mongolian Invasion in the Middle Age, it cannot account for the fact that many Mongolian-spotters live in countries which have never been invaded by Mongolian nomads. Another explanation remains to be seen.
*Many vistiors to our site have reported that some tribes of American Indians are also born with the spot.

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